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Causes of Swollen Feet and Ankles

Peripheral edema refers to the swelling that occurs in the tissues, usually in the lower limbs, due to fluid accumulation.

This condition is commonly observed in individuals with certain underlying medical conditions or as a side effect of some medications.

Symptoms of Peripheral Edema

The main symptom of peripheral edema is the sometimes extreme enlargement of the affected area, typically in the feet, ankles, and legs. The inflammation may also extend to the hands and arms in some cases. The affected area may feel tight, heavy, or even painful. Other common symptoms include:

Causes of Edema

Peripheral edema can result from a variety of underlying conditions or factors. Some common causes include:

Risk Factors

While peripheral edema can affect anyone, certain factors may increase the risk of developing the condition. These risk factors include:

Swelling and Lymphedema

The lymphatic system maintains the body's fluid balance and immune function. It consists of vessels and lymph nodes that channel lymphatic fluid throughout the body. Lymphedema can occur when the lymphatic system is injured or dysfunctional, preventing the efficient drainage of lymphatic fluid.

There are two main types of lymphedema: primary and secondary.

Primary lymphedema is a rare, inherited condition typically developing during adolescence or early adulthood. Abnormalities in the development of the lymphatic system cause it.

Secondary lymphedema, on the other hand, is more common and can occur due to an injury, infection, surgery, or radiation therapy that damages the lymphatic system.

The symptoms of lymphedema can vary but often include swelling, a feeling of heaviness or tightness in the affected area, decreased flexibility, and recurring infections.

Additional Causes of Swelling

If you experience an unexplained enlargement of your limbs or other concerning symptoms, please schedule an evaluationschedule an evaluationschedule an evaluation by the expert team at Texas Endovascular for a proper assessment and diagnosis.

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