Texas Endovascular Logo

Causes of Vein Diseases and Disorders

Let’s examine the root causes of venous diseases and disorders.

What is chronic venous insufficiency?

Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is when the legs' veins cannot properly return blood to the heart. This anomaly can cause blood to pool in the legs, leading to multiple symptoms such as leg pain, swelling, and skin changes. This condition is often caused by the damage or dysfunction of the valves in the veins that normally help to prevent blood from flowing backward.

Causes of Leg Ulcers

While CVI is a major factor contributing to leg ulcers, ulcerated tissue in the legs can be related to several conditions:

Risk Factors

Conditions that might contribute to the risk of CVI include age, family history, obesity, pregnancy, smoking, and a sedentary lifestyle.

Causes of Leg Discoloration

Leg discoloration can be caused by a multitude of factors, including poor circulation, varicose veins, and skin pigmentation disorders.

Venous insufficiency is generally the main causal factor in leg discoloration. In some cases, discoloration can also be a symptom of an underlying medical disorder like deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or peripheral artery disease (PAD).

Risk Factors

People at highest risk for leg discoloration include the following:

Additionally, those with a previous blood clot, injury to the leg, or surgery in the leg may also be at risk.

Causes of Pelvic Congestion Syndrome

Pelvic Congestion Syndrome (PCS) is a disorder that develops when blood accumulating in the pelvic veins causes pain or discomfort. This pooling of blood is caused by pelvic varicosities, or varicose veins. These disorders occur due to the failure of the valves in the veins to function properly.

Symptoms of PCS can include pain in the pelvis, pain during intercourse, and painful menstruation.

Risk Factors

PCS is more common in women and can be caused by a number of factors, including pregnancy, obesity, and hormonal imbalances.

There might be hereditary factors involved in developing PCS; people with a parent or sibling with the disorder are more likely to develop it themselves.

Causes of Edema

Edema is the accumulation of fluid in the tissues. There are various causes that contribute to the development of edema.

One of the primary factors leading to edema is fluid accumulation in the tissues. When excess fluid collects in the body's tissues, it can cause swelling and lead to edema. This fluid buildup can occur due to a variety of reasons, such as an imbalance in the body's fluid regulation mechanisms.

Risk Factors

Edema is more likely to develop under the following conditions:

Other contributing conditions include lymphatic damage, pregnancy, long-term physical inactivity, a diet high in sodium, smoking, and heavy alcohol consumption.

Causes of Restless Leg Syndrome

Restless leg syndrome (RLS) is a neurological condition marked by an uncontrollable urge to move the legs. While the exact cause of RLS is not yet recognized, multiple issues have been identified that might contribute to its development. The condition is also called Willis-Ekbom disease.

Risk Factors

Additional risk factors include the following:

Addressing the above conditions might help alleviate RLS symptoms. If none of these risk factors is present, restless leg syndrome very commonly is caused by venous insufficiency. Treating these abnormal veins is highly effective in eliminating restless leg syndrome in the overwhelming majority of patients.

It is important to note that while genetic factors, underlying health issues, and lifestyle choices may contribute to the development of restless leg syndrome, the exact mechanisms are still being studied. Further research is needed to fully understand the complex nature of this neurological disorder.

Causes of Deep Vein Thrombosis

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a medical condition characterized by the formation of blood clots in the deeper veins beneath the muscles of the lower body, typically in the legs.

The danger of DVT lies in its potential to lead to serious complications. If a blood clot breaks loose and moves through the bloodstream, it can become trapped in the lungs, leading to a pulmonary embolism, a life-threatening condition. A pulmonary embolism can cause damage to the heart and lungs and even death.

Risk Factors

Additional issues that contribute to the development of DVT are advanced age, obesity, hormone fluctuations, heart disease, disordered inflammatory response, and cancer.

Causes of Spider Veins

Spider veins are a common condition marked by the appearance of thin, visible blood vessels on the skin's surface.

Although they are generally harmless, spider veins can sometimes indicate underlying issues with the valves in the blood vessels. Spider veins can cause burning and itching in some patients.

Risk Factors

Causes of Varicose Veins

Varicose veins are a common condition that presents as enlarged and tangled-appearing veins that are visible under the skin. They mainly develop in the legs and can be alarming and uncomfortable, though not inherently dangerous. The primary cause of varicose veins is dysfunction in the valves of the affected veins.

Risk Factors

Take the Quiz
Houston Fibroids leaf icon
Contact Us
Experienced Vein Specialists
Find out why more patients choose non-surgical vascular and vein clinics for treating various venous diseases. Schedule an appointment with our vein specialists today.
Houston Fibroids Logo in white
Sister site - Dallas Fibroid Center logo in whiteSister site - Houston Fibroid Center logo in whiteSister site - Texas Prostate Institute logo in whiteSister site - Texas Hemorrhoid Institute logo in whiteSister site - Texas Knee Institute logo in white

2024 Texas Endovascular. All rights reserved. Website Design by Healthcare Success