At Texas Endovascular, our Board Certified Vascular Surgeons have completed extensive education and training specifically in vascular surgery are experts in treating arterial and vascular diseases. If you are suffering from PAD, contact our offices throughout the Houston area to schedule your appointment by calling (713) 575-3686.
What is Peripheral Artery Disease?
Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) occurs when plaque slows blood flow from the heart to the rest of the body. Plaque that builds up inside of arteries is made up mainly of cholesterol, calcium, fibrin, and fatty substances. It causes the arteries to narrow and harden, a condition known as Atherosclerosis. Because the plaque reduces blood flow to vital organs and limbs, they cannot keep up with the body’s demands.
Since plaque narrows arteries and prevents the blood from flowing as it should, a blood clot can form on the plaque’s surface, or a piece of the plaque can break off and stop the flow completely, resulting in a heart attack or stroke. Arteries also bring blood away from the heart to supply the arms and legs. PAD limits the flow of oxygen containing blood to the legs which can cause leg pain and cramping with exertion as well as ulcers on the feet and toes. If PAD goes untreated long enough, gangrene can set in, leading to amputation.
Who is at Risk for Peripheral Artery Disease?
PAD is a common disease among Americans. It most often affects the legs of smokers, diabetics, and people over 50. It also affects those with an inactive lifestyle, those with high blood pressure or high cholesterol, and those with a history of vascular disease in their family.
Symptoms of Peripheral Artery Disease
Symptoms of PAD include leg or hip cramping when active, coldness or numbness of the legs and feet, and burning or aching in the feet or toes when inactive. Loss of hair on the legs, color change in the skin, and pain at night when sleeping are also common. PAD can also affect the stomach, arms, and head.
How is PAD Diagnosed?
PAD usually goes untreated because people mistake it for a consequence of aging, or because healthcare professionals do not diagnose it. If left untreated, PAD could result in serious and potentially life threatening consequences.
PAD can easily be diagnosed in the office with a bedside test called an Ankle-Brachial Index (ABI), which uses ultrasound and blood pressure cuffs to evaluate the circulation in your arms and legs. If this test is abnormal we may order further imaging tests such as Magnetic Resonance Angiography (MRA) or Computed Tomography (CT) to determine the extent of your problem and help us plan your treatment.
Peripheral Artery Disease Treatment near Houston
At Texas Endovascular, we are passionate about treating patients who suffer from arterial disease. We have the latest technological equipment available in the Houston area treat arterial disease. Using minimally invasive procedures that do not require an overnight hospital stay, our team provides PAD treatments such as Angioplasty, Stenting, and Atherectomy. These methods prevent the need for large incisions and open surgery in many cases. As a result, patients are often discharged from our Bellaire, Katy or Sugar Land offices in the same day with minimal recovery time.
In an endovascular treatment of PAD, Dr. Hardee or Dr. Fox will insert a small IV and wire through the groin. Once a blood vessel has been accessed, they will use imaging to guide the wire into position past the affected artery. From here, the diseased artery will be treated using a balloon to widen the blood vessel (angioplasty) or a stent to hold open the vessel and increase blood flow. Treatment style is selected depending on the unique circumstances to each patient case to maximize success and minimize complications.
Endovascular treatment of Peripheral Artery Disease can be a technically challenging procedure that demands the expertise of an experienced vascular surgeon. In addition to the skills of the surgeon, the location of the PAD and the capabilities of the hospital all influence the outcome of the procedure.
Schedule Your Appointment
Please contact us if you have symptoms of peripheral Artery disease to schedule an Ankle-Brachial Index.